Inspired by the American and French Revolutions and the principles of
the rights of men, Haiti was the first and only republic created by a
slave rebellion against colonialism
Located on western third of the island of Hispanola which is shares with
the Dominican Republic, Haiti is the most densely populated country in
the Caribbean. It is also the poorest. Even before the earthquake
devastated the capital of Port o Prince in 2010, Haiti ranked 153rd of
177 countries on the Human Development Index. About 80% of the
population live in degrading poverty: Many families subsist in
dilapidated wooden huts, without electricity or running water. Because
they rely on charcoal as their main source of energy, deforestation has
devastated 97% of Haitian forests causing much of the rich topsoil to be
washed away by rain into the sea inflicting much damage to coral reefs
and even more injury to the farming economy. Formerly rich farm land
that made Haiti the jewel of the Caribbean 200 years ago has been lost,
resulting in many Haitians leaving the countryside to try their luck in
Port-au-Prince or Cap Haitien where most end up in slums with no jobs
and little or no services or infrastructure.
They live among open sewers and piles of garbage in the streets full of
holes. The relative absence of police makes law and order impossibe.
The well to do 1%. control more than 45% of the country's resources, and
reside in the hills above the slums, in gated, guarded, and protected
Petion Ville district where the luxury shops and fine restaurants seem
to belong to another planet.
Before the earthquake, after years of crushing foreign debt, persistent
misgovernment, foreign occupation, and the rapacious dictatorial
Duvalier’s and their feared paramilitary goon, the Tonton Macoutes,
there was a return to a semblance of social peace. Tourism began to return to Haiti with several good resorts isolated and gated from the
rest of the country. But Haiti still can be dangerous.
Haiti occupies the western part of the Hispaniola island. The highest
peak of the country is Pic la Selle (2680m.)
The country is divided into three distinctly different areas: south
and north very fertile, humid, green lush,
on the contrary the center is arid and dry because of the savage deforestation.
Part of Haiti are the
islands of Gonave, so primitive that people
do not use paper money, and La Tortuga,
legendary haunt of pirates.
Haiti has an area of 27.750 kmq., about 1/3 of the whole Hispaniola island.
The capital is Port-au-Prince.
The climate is pleasant, excluding Port-au-Prince. the temperature on
the coast varies from 25 to 32 ° c., in the mountains from 10 to 23 °
The rainy months are maj-june and september-october.
The island is on the huricanes route and the danger season is late summer.
Form of government:
French official and Creole
1 HTG= 0,0211 Euro
Time Zone: - 5 GMT - UTC
International Dialing Code:
Telephony: Two cell
phone networks are operational: Comcel and
health facilities are extremely poor even from
the hygienic point of view and private clinics
are very expensive. Malaria and other endemic
diseases are still dangerous
110 volts. American flat plugs, type A,B.